I. General Introduction

When talking about unique, wild, and enchanting places in Vietnam, we cannot help but mention Nam Cat Tien National Park. Located in three provinces of Dong Nai, Lam Dong, and Binh Phuoc, Nam Cat Tien is located about 150 km north of Ho Chi Minh City. With an area of nearly 74,000 hectares, Nam Cat Tien is proud to be one of Vietnam's largest nature reserves. More specifically, this place was recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as a World Biosphere Reserve in 2001.

Nam Cat Tien National Park is famous for its biodiversity and wild, majestic beauty. Under the cool blue sky, the jungle bloomed covering the path, and the chirping of birds echoed throughout the space. The mysterious and wild scenery has created a unique beauty for Nam Cat Tien National Park.

II. Diverse ecology

Nam Cat Tien not only stands out because of its geographical position and wild beauty but also attracts tourists because of the unique diversity of its ecosystem.


The flora in Nam Cat Tien is extremely rich with more than 1,610 species. Among them, it is impossible not to mention the presence of rare plants such as redwood, rosewood, rosewood, etc. All create a colorful biological picture. More notably, there are 39 species recorded in the Vietnam Red Book and 32 species in the World Red Book.




Nam Cat Tien National Park is also home to more than 600 animal species, many of which are listed in the Red Book. Here, you can see herds of elephants freely wandering in the forest, hear the roar of lions in the national park, or admire the beauty of Dong Nai antelope dancing in the green grass fields. At night, hundreds of species of butterflies turn this place into a marching light party.




Underwater Flora and Fauna:

Characteristic of the aquatic ecosystem of Nam Cat Tien National Park is the Dong Nai River along the eastern border of the National Park. Dong Nai River is home to a unique and diverse freshwater ecosystem, from large animals such as gharial crocodiles to small species such as shrimp and snails.


Dong Nai River creates favorable conditions for the growth of many different fish species. Some notable species include Dong Nai snakehead fish (Channa micropeltes), black catfish (Pangasius conchophilus), and goby fish (Henicorhynchus siamensis).


Insects and Invertebrates:

A variety of insects also inhabit the river, such as dragonflies and damselflies. The river is also home to a number of different species of crustaceans, including shrimps and snails, providing an important food source for fish and birds.

Large animals:

At the same time, Dong Nai River is also known to be home to large animals, such as crocodiles and turtles. Among them, the Gharial crocodile (Tomistoma schlegelii) in Nam Cat Tien is said to be one of the last communities of this species in Southeast Asia, holding an important position in the conservation of rare animals.

With the diversity of underwater ecosystems, Nam Cat Tien National Park not only provides a valuable space for research scientists but also gives visitors memorable experiences through activities. activities such as fishing, nature viewing, and animal tracking.



Environmental Ecosystem:

In Nam Cat Tien National Park, the ecosystem is diverse with three main types of ecosystems: mountain forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, and underwater ecosystem.

Mountain Forest Ecosystem:

With an altitude of 50-600m above sea level, the mountainous area in Nam Cat Tien is rich with many different tree species, notably precious wood species such as redwood, rosewood, agarwood... Biosystem Mountain forests also create favorable living spaces for animals such as tigers, bears, and weasels.

Grassland Ecosystem:

The grasslands in Nam Cat Tien are also important habitats for many animals, especially antelopes and typical birds such as cormorants, hawks, or red sea hawks. Grasslands are also a source of food for herbivorous animals such as elephants and wild buffalo.

Underwater Ecosystem:

Dong Nai River flows through the national park providing a unique underwater ecosystem with freshwater fish and insects. At the same time, this place is also a habitat for crocodiles, turtles, and birds living next to the river.

These ecosystems together create the biodiversity of Nam Cat Tien, making the landscape here attractive and rich. The national park also has important scientific, educational, and tourist values, emphasizing the importance of protecting and maintaining biodiversity.



III. Scientific value

Nam Cat Tien National Park boasts significant scientific and educational value.

Biological research:
Nam Cat Tien is one of the important biodiversity conservation areas in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Its ecosystem provides opportunities to study the habitats of many species of plants and animals. Furthermore, it is also a place for researchers to explore and monitor the changes in biological species under the impact of humans and climate change.

Biological conservation:
Nam Cat Tien is making efforts to protect many rare and endangered plant and animal species. These efforts not only protect biodiversity but also help humanity better understand the value of nature and the meaning of conservation.

However, biological conservation in Nam Cat Tien is still facing many challenges. Activities such as illegal logging, wildlife hunting, and encroachment on grasslands to grow fruit trees are threatening the existence of many species. Educating the public about the importance of conservation and providing sustainable solutions to control these activities is a priority for the park.

In short, the scientific value of Nam Cat Tien National Park not only increases our understanding of nature but also highlights the importance of biodiversity conservation.

With outstanding scientific value, Nam Cat Tien is not only an attractive tourist destination but also a valuable learning space, creating conditions for scientists and scholars to continue research and conservation. and spread the value of nature.



IV. Travel and education

Nam Cat Tien National Park is not only a valuable conservation area but also a popular tourist and study destination.

Unique travel experience:
Tourists can participate in many interesting activities such as walking in the forest, boating on the river, climbing mountains, and visiting special areas of the national park. These activities not only help tourists immerse themselves in nature but also provide them with the opportunity to learn about biodiversity and the importance of conservation.

The importance of environmental education and forest protection:
With its biodiversity, Nam Cat Tien is a real-life environmental classroom where visitors and students can learn about the value of nature. nature and the importance of protecting tropical forests. Through environmental education programs, it is hoped to create a sense of environmental responsibility and a deeper understanding of ecosystem protection.

Through the combination of tourism and education, Nam Cat Tien National Park not only attracts domestic and international visitors but also creates a lasting impact on the protection of the environment and tropical forests.



V. Conclusion

Nam Cat Tien National Park is one of the bright spots with extremely rich natural, cultural, and scientific values, playing an important role in protecting the environment and maintaining biodiversity. not only of Vietnam but also of the whole world.

Environmental protection awareness has become increasingly urgent, and we need to protect and preserve the beauty of Nam Cat Tien. This place is not only home to hundreds of rare animal and plant species, but also a favorite stop for many domestic and foreign tourists with wonderful experiences of wild nature.

We all have a responsibility to preserve this wild beauty. By carrying out environmental protection activities and encouraging environmental education, we can together contribute to protecting and preserving Nam Cat Tien National Park.

Nam Cat Tien is not only a precious heritage of Vietnam, but also a treasure of the world with an inestimable biodiversity value. The more people realize this and take action to protect and preserve it, the more Nam Cat Tien National Park will be able to continue to shine and contribute positively to protecting our planet.